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Tell the truth! Will you use band-aid in the end?
专栏:Health knowledge
发布日期:2016-04-19
阅读量:2774
作者:佚名
收藏:
The child breaks when he plays, cuts when he works, accidentally gets stuck, etc. In life, we often encounter or encounter small damages of one kind or another. Because the wound is small or it doesn'...


The child breaks when he plays, cuts when he works, accidentally gets stuck, etc. In life, we often encounter or encounter small damages of one kind or another. Because the wound is small or it doesn't matter, we usually choose ourselves. Wrap it up, what do you think of at this time? Band-Aid, yes, it’s always indispensable. But is a small band-aid really omnipotent? Can you really guarantee the safety of our wounds?


First of all, let's take a look at the band-aid!


Band-Aid is also called benzalkonium chloride paste, commonly known as "hemostatic plaster", which is mainly composed of tape and absorbent pad. It has hemostasis and protection. It can absorb the exudate of wounds and play the role of dry wounds. It does not have anti-inflammatory and sterilization. The effect, due to its poor gas permeability, may induce infection. It is suitable for small wounds with superficial wounds, neat and clean wounds, less bleeding and no need for suturing.

Second, how to post it correctly?

If it is a minor injury, many people may stick the band-aid directly on the wound. In fact, this is completely wrong. Because the injured part is likely to have been contaminated or has foreign matter, it must be treated before it can be applied.

Proceed as follows:

1. Wash the wound with plenty of sterilized water or normal saline. If not, rinse with water.

2. Gently remove dirt or foreign matter from the wound surface and deep after washing.

3. Wash the wound with a large amount of sterilized water or normal saline again. The deep wound should be washed twice again with hydrogen peroxide.

4. Wipe the wound with a cotton ball stained with complex iodine or 75% alcohol disinfectant. At the outer edge of the wound, 3-5 cm, with the wound as the center, gradually disinfect the wound from the outer circumference to the wound 2 times; do not apply the purple syrup casually. Or other drugs. For the skin and mucous membranes or children's delicate skin is not suitable for alcohol disinfection, prone to tingling or burns.

5, after the wound is slightly dry, the bandage can be wrapped and wounded. When a single person is single-handed, the health is first placed, and the center of the absorbent pad is aligned with the breadcrumb; when the single hand is used, the center of the absorbent pad can be aligned with the breadcrumb. If the wound has a little bleeding, it can be properly pressure bandaged.

Third, which wounds are not easy to stick to the band-aid?




1

 Big or deep wounds:


The wound is obviously larger than the width of the band-aid absorbent pad. The wound can not be completely covered by the band-aid. The exposed part of the wound is prone to infection. Even if two or more are attached, it is easy to be infected due to cross-use; the depth is more than 0.5 cm, which is not suitable for use. The wound is prone to anaerobic infections, and common such as tetanus is this category.

2
 Animal bite wound:

If the wound is not effectively disinfected for the first time, it is likely that the infection has already occurred. There will be redness or exudation around the wound, and even some wounds have already become purulent. At this time, the use of band-aid is not suitable, which may lead to more serious infection. It can only be wrapped after being treated by a professional surgeon.


3

 Animal bite wound:

For wounds caused by animals such as injuries or bites, avoid using band-aid to prevent venom and germs from accumulating or spreading in the wound. The first time, rinse with water, purified water, normal saline for 15 minutes or 2% of soapy water, hydrogen peroxide or 75% alcohol for at least 5 minutes.
4

Bloated, heavy or burn wounds:


The wounds of skin follicles, heavy pollution or burns, because the water absorption and breathability of the band-aid can not meet the wound healing requirements of such wounds, but it is conducive to bacterial growth and reproduction and aggravate infection.

Fourth, how many days can the band-aid be posted?

We often see that many people don't change the band-aid or band-aid for a few days. It has been dirty and has not changed. In fact, the normal band-aid replacement time should not exceed 24 hours, and for the case of contaminated wounds, we must immediately disinfect and replace the band-aid, each time. The wound can be re-sterilized before replacing the band-aid.

Finally, band-aid is not a panacea. When wounds are not suitable for band-aid treatment, we should use sterile gauze or clean towels, etc., immediately after the initial dressing of the wounds, and immediately go to the relevant hospital departments for medical treatment, take formal disinfection, dressing, and accept the break. A cold vaccination or other vaccination to prevent serious complications from improper wound management.
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