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American scientists expose the truth of the cold. 9 things that must be done after a cold (very prac
专栏:Health knowledge
发布日期:2015-07-27
阅读量:2088
作者:佚名
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Winter is a season of high fever, and various prescriptions for prevention and treatment of colds have received attention. What is going on in the cold, what should I do after a cold, and the latest r...

Winter is a season of high fever, and various prescriptions for prevention and treatment of colds have received attention. What is going on in the cold, what should I do after a cold, and the latest research in the United States reveals the answers to this series of questions.

Three truths about a cold

A "White Paper on Cold", published by the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health in October 2010, reveals three "one" truths about the common cold.

The first "one": a cold is a "syndrosis" of upper respiratory tract infection caused by a virus, and more than 100 kinds of viruses may induce a cold;

The second "one": In general, the symptoms of a cold will last for a week, regardless of medication or not;

The third "one": the starting point of the cold, should be one day before the symptoms appear, when the virus has been stationed in your body.

More specifically, the cold virus will lurk in the body for 18-48 hours and then suddenly erupt. The earliest symptoms mainly include sore throat, sneezing, nasal congestion, and physical fatigue. In English, because "cold" and "cold" are the same words, many people feel that the cold is "frozen." "This is not the case. Whether you wear too little clothes, bare feet on the ground, or hair that doesn't blow dry, it won't cause you a cold - but it will cause a drop in resistance and allow the virus to take advantage of it." In contrast, Philippe Brown, a US registered caregiver, says that drying is more likely to cause a cold because the antiviral capacity of the body's mucous membranes is reduced by water shortages.

The number of times a cold attacks everyone is different. According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, children have a cold 8-10 times a year, and children who go to school will reach 12 times, not because they have poor resistance, but because children are more intimate and have a greater chance of spreading the virus. . In contrast, “indifferent” adults have a cold 2-4 times a year, more women than men, and women around the age of 30 are the most likely to be recruited because they are the main force to take care of children. After 60 years of age, the number of colds will decrease, on average once a year.

It’s better to take a break from taking medicine.

The "White Paper on Colds" also pointed out that many people do not know that the cold has not been cured. Some people take antibiotics. In fact, antibiotics can't eliminate the virus at all, and taking drugs indiscriminately may aggravate the condition. The main function of cold medicine is to relieve symptoms, make you feel better and rest well, but it does not shorten the course of the disease. So, what exactly must be done after a cold? The US "Health Broadcasting Network" believes that the following nine things are essential.

The first step: find a bed. After a cold, it is best to find yourself a comfortable bed to lie down. Don't think about going to work, and don't force yourself to go out for party, play or exercise. Liu Youning, director of the Department of Respiratory Medicine of the General Hospital of the People's Liberation Army, said that sleeping is the "best cold medicine" and must be guaranteed for 8 hours of sleep every day. If you can, it is best to take a break for 1-2 days at home, so that you can spread the disease to others less.

The second step: make up vitamin C. Whether taking vitamin C supplements or eating vitamin C-rich fruits such as dates, oranges, kiwis, oranges, grapefruits, etc., can alleviate the symptoms of colds. In general, the fruit with a sour taste has a lot of vitamin C content. Drinking orange juice while eliminating vitamin C can also eliminate discomfort in the mouth.

The third step: eat a piece of dark chocolate. Not only does it supplement antioxidants, the University of London study also showed that theobromine contained in it has a cough suppressing effect.

Step 4: Turn on the humidifier. Dry air in the fall and winter seasons can make the respiratory tract feel uncomfortable. Put a humidifier on the side of the bed or on the sofa to make your breathing smoother. Before use, it is best to wash it thoroughly to prevent the virus from spreading through it.

Step 5: Eat liquid food. Hot soup and hot porridge are good choices. For centuries, chicken soup has been circulated for colds. British scholars have found that this makes sense because certain ingredients in chicken soup can reduce cough, and steam from hot soup and hot porridge can help relieve nasal congestion.

Step 6: Change the big water cup. Make sure to drink 2000 ml of water a day, some of which are preferably electrolyte drinks.

Step 7: Stay away from dairy products. Liu Youning said that cheeses and other hard-to-digest dairy products should not be eaten when you have a cold, but you can drink some milk properly. If your appetite is not good, you can drink some yogurt.

Step 8: Take an over-the-counter medicine. Over-the-counter drugs such as ibuprofen, paracetamol or cough syrup can alleviate the symptoms of a cold. Liu Youning said that although these drugs are not anti-virus, they can make you feel better.

Step 9: Be patient and wait for it to pass. Your illness takes about 7 days to disappear on your own. However, if the symptoms persist or worsen, it is best to go to the hospital and ask a doctor to diagnose.

Dealing with a cold three treasures

Although the cold is not a serious illness, the persistent symptoms make many people stand up. In this regard, "White Paper on Cold" gives three tips for relieving sore throat, cough and nasal congestion.

Sore throat: light salt water. Dissolve 7.5 grams of salt in 250 ml of warm water. Slowly gargle can relieve sore throat and rinse every 6-8 hours. Do not use irritating mouthwashes that may exacerbate airway dryness. To swallow hard food, it is best to slow down to avoid scratching the throat. If the sound is hoarse, avoid talking or shouting in a noisy environment. You can also prepare some lozenges or sprays for use when the symptoms are heavy.

Cough: Cough syrup. Coughing is a means of removing exogenous substances from the body, but a severe cough can affect sleep or cause chest pain. The best way is to drink a cough syrup when the cough is severe.

Booger: hot steam. It is best to use a soft tissue when blowing your nose to prevent the nose from being smashed. The nose should not be too hard, the standard of the degree is that the ear can not hear the snoring, so as not to cause damage to the eardrum. If the nose is difficult to remove, you can “smell” hot steam or peppermint oil, or use nasal drops.

In fact, there is no cure for a cold. Whether or not you take the medicine for up to a week, taking medicine will only make the condition worse.

9 things you must do after a cold:

1. sleep more;

2. Supplementary dimension C;

3. Eat a piece of dark chocolate;

4. Turn on the humidifier;

5. Eat fluid food;

6. Drink plenty of water;

7. Keep away from dairy products;

8. Taking over-the-counter drugs;

9. Patience wait for it to pass.

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